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Why is this disease called?

Why is this disease called?

In recent weeks, the emergence of monkeypox in unusual regions such as Europe or America has been a cause for concern. Why does this disease, which usually spreads in Africa, bear this name?

More than two years into the COVID-19 pandemic, the spread of monkeypox is worrying. This disease, also known as “monkeypox”, has recently appeared in Europe and America. Virologist Oel Tomori told AFP that in recent days many scientists have rejected the discriminatory nature of the name “monkeypox” because the disease “is not really a disease associated with monkeys.”

In fact, the virus is generally transmitted through contact with rodents. But if it is so named, it is because the Danish researchers who discovered the disease in 1958 discovered it in monkeys in their lab. Although it is a different disease from smallpox, it was called smallpox because its symptoms are similar to those of human smallpox, due to the blisters it causes. The word smallpox comes from the Latin word “variola”.Which means “small pimple”.

WHO wants to rename the disease

The same is true in English, where “monkey” means “monkey” and “smallpox”, and the plural “pimple”, means “pimple”. Smallpox distinguishes blister-causing diseases such as chickenpox, which English speakers call “chickenpox”. It is for this reason that these diseases belong to the smallpox virus family.

And the World Health Organization announced, in recent days, its intention to rename the disease, amid concerns about the nature of the stigma attached to this name. “Monkeys are generally associated with countries in the south, especially Africa,” study researcher Moses John Bockarie told the Australian website. conversation† In addition, the African continent has often been the target of diseases that have spread worldwide, such as AIDS or Ebola.

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Video – Europe remains epicenter of monkeypox outbreak, according to WHO