AbroadUnited Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has admitted that the United Nations peacekeeping forces in the Congo are powerless in the face of the M23 rebel group in eastern Congo. According to Kinshasa, these rebels receive support from Rwanda.
In an interview with some French media, Guterres said that the M23 “today is a modern army with heavy equipment more advanced than the equipment of the UN mission Monusco”. Asked if this material came from Rwanda, as the Congolese regime says, Guterres replied that it came from “somewhere”. “He was not born in the woods.”
“We are in a particularly difficult situation,” Guterres said in the interview broadcast by France 24 and RFI. “Look at the M23. These rebels are the cause of the recent demonstrations (from the population to demand the departure of the UN mission, ed.): The UN is unable to defeat the March 23 movement.”
“We must admit our collective bankruptcy”
According to Guterres, it is impossible for peacekeepers, such as MONUSCO, to “solve problems now with particularly well-armed forces,” it seems. And people don’t understand this. We must admit our collective bankruptcy. We need to find a different approach, because this area is going from bad to worse.”
Guterres believes that this is why the three participating countries, as well as Congo and Rwanda, should sit at the table. “So we can have a common perspective to avoid going backwards every time we take a step forward.”
Monusco in short
Monosco settled in the Congo in 1999, then it is still called Monoc. Today, more than 14,000 soldiers are part of the peacekeeping mission, which has an annual budget of $1 billion. Monusco stands for Mdl versionades . organization nations You aresneezing for no stabilisation en République démocratique du Sharenon Governmental Organization.
From 2012 to now
The March 23 rebel movement was founded in 2012, and was militarily defeated the following year by the Congolese government’s army, aided by MONUSCO. During that time, they managed to occupy Goma, the capital of North Kivu, for several weeks. At the end of last year, the rebels took up arms again, demanding the implementation of the agreement signed with Kinshasa.
In the spring, there were frequent and more intense confrontations with the March 23 movement. The rebels managed to take control of parts of the territory, ten kilometers north of Goma. Today they still occupy the town of Bunagana, a trading center on the border with Uganda.
Last month, a report by United Nations experts was leaked stating that the Rwandan army had intervened in eastern Congo in recent months, both directly and through support for armed groups.
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