Maharashtra, a huge state in western India with a population of over 112 million, is on its way to going Ethereum (ETH) Network to verify certificates. The Indian state government is teaming up with blockchain startup LegitDoc to build a new tamper-proof certificate and certification system on Ethereum.
Problems with current methods
Anil Gadhau, Chairman, Maharashtra State Skills Development Board, Explains why blockchain technology is suitable for this purpose. He says that historically government documents were issued as paper documents, but in the past 10 years there has been a significant increase in the forgery of such documents.
According to Jadhao, this is because India is still largely dependent on this ancient method, while computer technology has made great strides. Now an ordinary person with basic computer knowledge can create a fake document that is difficult to distinguish from the real one. Also, paper documents take a long time to verify, are prone to damage and cumbersome to store.
However, centralized digital solutions for governments are not perfect, Jadhao says. This introduces new security and privacy issues. In recent years, there has been a massive increase in hacks, data theft, data corruption and privacy breaches. In addition, there are many doubts about the ownership of digital data. Paper records may be ineffective, but they protect property and privacy; You own the original and decide who you share it with. However, in centralized digital environments, you often no longer own your private data. The documents are in a database that you must trust and these documents can often be shared with third parties without your permission or knowledge.
Blockchain is the solution
Blockchain Technology Finally it changes this. It is a rethinking of what digital ownership and security mean. A blockchain is an ownerless database, no one has complete control and there is no such thing as One point of failure. It is a network of thousands of computers, all containing mirror copies of this database. This makes it virtually impossible to modify the data secretly. Once data is entered into this blockchain database, it is stored permanently in a decentralized manner. The only way to get around this is to take over the entire network and attack thousands of computers simultaneously.
“Hence, any data entered into highly decentralized public blockchains like Ethereum cannot be modified, nor can it be hacked, but it can be instantly verified. Government agencies can harness the power of public blockchains combined with modern encryption to issue resistant digital records. Tamper-proof, piracy-resistant, instantly verifiable, and owned exclusively by document owners.”
According to Jadhao. Together with LegitDoc, the Maharashtra government will issue nearly a million certificates on Ethereum. It is the largest certificate blockchain technology application in the world and the first of its kind in India.
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